The Tower

Trinity in the snow! 1/29/2019

 As we remain closed…..

March 28, 2020

Dear Friends,
Things are moving along here in this surreal new normal.  We are doing our best to keep in touch with each other, to hold each other in prayer, and to stay safe and well.  We have several who are willing to help if you need errands run, etc. We are most grateful to all of you who have sent or dropped off your offerings.  As you can imagine, our expenses continue. Please do not hesitate to call or email.  Please keep in your prayers particularly all of our first responders, the doctors, nurses and social workers who are on the front line of caring for the sick, those who are sick, those who are afraid.  Try to appreciate and enjoy the beauty and wonder of Spring that lies all about us.   If we were together, we would read The Great Litany which begins on page 148 of the Prayer Book.  It is one of the most ancient of prayers—and served people though many calamities—“From plague, pestilence and famine—Good Lord delver us”.  I commend it to you this week.    The lessons and prayers can all be easily accessed at www.bcponline.org.

The Lessons this week are:
            Ezekiel 37: 1-14
            Romans 8:6-11
            John 11: 1-45
A Homily:
The lessons this morning draw us inexorably to the Cross and Resurrection of Jesus that changed everything—all of history for all time.
The Gospel this morning is the wonderful story of the raising of Lazarus.  It is the culminating event in the Gospel of John that leads the Jewish authorities to the conclusion that Jesus must die.  He had become way too dangerous to live.  The story is replete with expressions of faith from Martha and Mary.  It is also replete with deep emotion—Jesus was deeply disturbed.  Jesus cried at the grave of Lazarus his friend.  They are signs of His total immersion into the life of us humans, into the life of the world, into our lives. 
Combined with the lesson from Ezekiel (the valley of the dry bones) and Romans, the message of the lessons this morning is clear:  Jesus (God) immerses Himself into the midst of human life to work always and everywhere to bring life from death.  That is what is accomplished mysteriously, miraculously in His Cross and Resurrection. As Jesus said to Martha in John this morning, “I am the Resurrection and the Life.” It is the final answer to God’s exchange with Ezekiel.  It is the question deep within all of us.  “Can these bones live?”  God answers with his Word (Jesus) and His Breath (Spirit).  Bone comes to bone in a great rattling.  His Breath, His Spirit brings life where only dry, dead bones existed.  As Paul says, “Though the body is dead, the Sprit is life.”  “I am the Resurrection and the life.”  I have spoken and will act says the Lord.  They are words of tremendous hope and promise.
Paul indicates in this passage this morning (and in fact throughout Romans) that we are Jesus Lazaruses today.   We are the ones to whom he calls “Come out.”  Come out of the tombs and live—for as Paul reminds us the Spirit of God dwells in us and He who raised Christ from the dead will given life to our bones, our mortal bodies, through the same Spirit.   Notice that this is not a promise of some sweet “by and by”, nor is it a statement that we will one day be able to come out of our houses.  It is, rather a statement of what has already happened to us through the death and Resurrection of Jesus.  One of the Greek fathers, Diadochus of Photice insisted that the Spirit of God enters so deeply, so mysteriously into the lives of us Christians that we can sense God in our very bones.  “I am the Resurrection and the life.”  The work is utterly effectual to Lazarus in the story and to us modern Lazaruses.  Jesus calls to us, “Come out”.  Be who you are, a people alive in me.
And though we like Lazarus are alive, something else must happen.  The story tells us that Lazarus comes to the mouth of the tomb wrapped hands, feet and face with burial cloths, bound with the bands of death.  Living he remained vested as a dead man.  Jesus said, “Unbind him and let him go.”  And so it is that we still have that work to do—to shed ourselves of the vestments of death, to rid ourselves of an identity conformed to this world instead of to the the new life and Kingdom to which we have been reborn.  Paul called it, “setting our minds on the flesh”, getting ourselves so stuck in the mire, selfishness, turmoil, anxiety, fear and sinfulness of this world that we miss the life and peace and love of the Kingdom that is ours.  That is the work that will endure all our days:  the unbinding, the allowing the Spirit to work His was out of the depths of our bones and into the constancy of our being in every day, removing anything that impedes our new lives in Christ Jesus. 
Lent and Holy Week are all about this movement of the Spirit within us, all about us shedding the vestments of death, all about unbinding us from all that keeps us from living the glorious new life and way of Jesus  Perhaps this year, as we face an enforced time of less activity and quiet we have a special opportunity do just that .  It happens mysteriously and wonderfully if we allow, transforming us in the process as we:
Remember His life laid down for us in the awesomeness of unconditional love,
            As we discover and repent of all that keeps us from trusting and loving Him and not only ourselves,

            As we experience anew the heights of our gratitude for the depth and profundity of the Love of God that propels Him to immerse Himself in the Life of His creation so that we, like Lazarus may come out of the tombs of death and fear and live, as the Spirit that dwells deep in us makes His way from the depths of our bones to the reality of our lives.    AMEN.

Some Prayers:

Almighty God, you alone can bring into order the unruly
wills and affections of sinners: Grant your people grace to
love what you command and desire what you promise; that,
among the swift and varied changes of the world, our hearts
may surely there be fixed where true joys are to be found;
through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with
you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever. Amen.

Almighty God, you know that we have no power in ourselves
to help ourselves: Keep us both outwardly in our bodies and
inwardly in our souls, that we may be defended from all
adversities which may happen to the body, and from all evil
thoughts which may assault and hurt the soul; through Jesus
Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy
Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

This is another day, O Lord.  I know not what it will bring
forth, but make me ready, Lord, for whatever it may be.  If I
am to stand up, help me to stand bravely.  If I am to sit still,
help me to sit quietly.  If I am to lie low, help me to do it
patiently.  And if I am to do nothing, let me do it gallantly.
Make these words more than words, and give me the Spirit
of Jesus.  Amen.

O God, whose fatherly care reacheth to the uttermost parts
of the earth: We humbly beseech thee graciously to behold
and bless those whom we love, now absent from us. Defend
them from all dangers of soul and body; and grant that both
they and we, drawing nearer to thee, may be bound together
by thy love in the communion of thy Holy Spirit, and in the
fellowship of thy saints; through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Amen.

Accept, O Lord, our thanks and praise for all that you have
done for us. We thank you for the splendor of the whole
creation, for the beauty of this world, for the wonder of life,
and for the mystery of love.

We thank you for the blessing of family and friends, and for
the loving care which surrounds us on every side.

We thank you for setting us at tasks which demand our best
efforts, and for leading us to accomplishments which satisfy
and delight us.

We thank you also for those disappointments and failures
that lead us to acknowledge our dependence on you alone.

Above all, we thank you for your Son Jesus Christ; for the
truth of his Word and the example of his life; for his steadfast
obedience, by which he overcame temptation; for his dying,
through which he overcame death; and for his rising to life
again, in which we are raised to the life of your kingdom.

Grant us the gift of your Spirit, that we may know him and
make him known; and through him, at all times and in all
places, may give thanks to you in all things. Amen.

The Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Love of God and the Fellowship of the Holy Sprit be with us all evermore.” 


March 24, 2020
Dear Friends,
I received the following email yesterday from our Bishop.  As you can see, in keeping with the Governor’s stay at home order and out of the deepest concern for the health and well being of us all, his closing of our churches is extended through Easter.  Though, this deeply saddens all of us, I believe that it is the only reasonable course of action.  Please note that this doesn’t mean that we won’t have Palm Sunday, Holy Week and Easter.  It means that we will not have them together.  Frank and I have already been working on plans for this.  As the plans are fleshed out we will let you know.
Also, tomorrow, March 25 at noon in every time zone the Pope and our Bishop have called us to prayer.  Please stop at noon wherever you are and pray:  The Lords Payer, for our communities, for the sick, for those now unemployed,  the lonely, and for all who continue to work for us healing and providing what we need.  I believe that prayer changes things.  You all are never far from my prayers.  Please take advantage of this special opportunity tomorrow.  Our bells will ring as a reminder, as they have been doing each day at noon.   Please stay home, be well, call your friends and neighbors, and let us know if you need anything. 
Love and prayers,
GT

From: Mollie Bailey <mbailey@wvdiocese.org>
Sent: Monday, March 23, 2020 1:14 PM
To: WV Mission <WVMission@wvdiocese.org>
Subject: Bishop’s Message re Coronavirus

Dear Brothers and Sisters:
A few weeks ago, as I was taking the train from NY to Baltimore to have my Visitation at Emmanuel, Keyser, there was the initial discussion of this strange ‘thing’ that was making people ill.
At that time, we were discussing the use of the Common Cup/The Chalice at celebrations of the Holy Eucharist.  In retrospect, how simple that all seemed. 
Since that time (just 3 weeks ago) the world has changed.  Thousands have died worldwide.  Hundreds of thousands have been infected.  Businesses are sending workers home, and businesses are now working from scattered workplaces – or especially from home.  Restaurants are, for the most part, shuttered.  Faithful employees around the country are now applying for Unemployment Benefits, due to being laid off.  People in various cities and States are being told to ‘shelter in place,’ and not to go outside except for essential matters.
And Churches around the world have ceased holding Public Worship Celebrations.  Even parish meetings are being canceled or delayed. 
Two weeks ago, I wrote and directed that all public celebrations should be canceled. 
Some questioned my judgment call, while others applauded it.   Today, it appears that this was the right coarse of action. 
At that time, I wrote and said that this would be for the foreseeable future, with the hope that we might resume after 2 weeks.  Obviously this will not happen!  The Presiding Bishop has encouraged us all to continue with no public worship gatherings through at least Easter.  I agree, and extend my direction to cease holding public worship services/Holy Eucharists through Easter Week!  In addition, I am asking the Diocesan Staff to work from home.  The Diocesan Office will be closed until at least mid-week next week, and possibly longer.  The staff will be answering emails, and doing as much as they can from various locations.  Some of us will be in the office, from time to time, to make sure that other matters are handled.
I realize how drastic this move is, but it is in keeping with the Presiding Bishop, as well as in agreement with the Roman Catholic Church, and Faith Community gatherings around the world. 
I know that there have been some who are considering trying to be physically creative – by having ‘drive through’ Eucharists – consecrating the elements in one place, and having people drive through the parking lot.  This is NOT to be done, as I see this as only ‘splitting hairs’ and still creating a situation where the virus could potentially be transmitted.  Again – such activities are not to be done! 
There will come a time when we can all come together again and celebrate!
This is the most serious and drastic actions any of us have taken in anyone’s memory.  It is done out of an abundance of caution.  We are to be reminded that more than 50% of West Virginia’s residents/population are in the higher risk for complications from this virus.  Although – this past weekend we have been told that it is not the problem for older people.  This virus is dangerous to all ages!  So – potentially 100% of the population is at risk, and our goal is to protect those for who we are charged to care.
I am reminded that while this virus is calling us to ‘Be the Church’ in the 21st Century, we can also draw from successful operations of the past.  How many of us remember the Telephone Tree?  How many of us remember the Prayer Tree?  Using the Telephone Tree – one person calling 3 people who call 3 more – parishioners were as well connected as anyone could hope.  It was long before emails and the Internet, and yet people were held in prayer, and made known that they were remembered by their parish families. 
I call upon each of our parishes and missions to restart the Prayer Chains and Telephone Trees.  Connect!    Be intentional about our communities.
I have seen more and more that our clergy and lay leaders are becoming creative about the use of Zoom…Facebook Live…and other options of technology. 
Let us continue to safely worship Christ our Lord. 
The Church will always be the Church.  We will be the Body of Christ, spread around the field, to bring hope and love to the world.
Please be assured of my prayers, all the more.
God bless you.
Faithfully,
The Rt Rev W Michie Klusmeyer
Bishop of West Virginia



Sunday, Mar 22, 2020
Please read the lessons if you can.  More prayers are in the Book of Common Prayer.  If you don’t have one at home it is available on  line for free.  Peace and Love to all.  GT
The Sunday lessons are I Samuel 16:1-13, Ephesians 5:8-14, John 9: 1-41
Some Reflection: The lesson from John this morning is one of my favorites.  It is the story of Jesus healing the blind beggar by the side of the road.  There are so many twists and turns, interplays on light, sight, blindness.  The lesson and our current situation remind me of that wonderful hymn:  “Amazing grace. .  I once was lost but now am found, was blind but now I see.  Through many dangers, toils and snares, I have already come.  “Tis grace hath brought me safe thus far and grace will lead me home.”
Jesus words this morning,” I am the light of the world”.
We are living through a time like none of us have ever seen.  All our usual patterns, schedules, habits have been disrupted.  Having often wished that our lives would slow down and we would have more time, having it imposed on us, feeling ourselves restricted, hearing that we should be afraid finds many of us anxious, at loose ends, grieving events we have lost and wondering where it is all going, and missing each other.  I keep reminding myself that there is no road map.  Mistakes will be made.  Gentleness with each other and ourselves and patience will go so far in helping us through.
I am also convinced that Jesus is offering us light—offering us in the midst of it all an opportunity to do what Lent asks: to stop, look, open the eyes of our hearts and souls and see.  If we do that the first thing we will see is Jesus and his love and presence right here, right where we are.  There is light.  Mr. Rogers said that when he was a boy, in difficult times his mother would always tell him to look for the helpers.  “There are always helpers”, she said.  Light, love, presence:  in all of the medical professionals working day and night to care for the sick and to help us keep from being sick, in all the truckers still rolling to keep our store shelves stocked, in all the grocery story workers who are working overtime to stock those shelves and see to it we have food., and in so many others.   Helpers all at some expense to themselves. 
Secondly if we look, we will see mother earth awakening after the long, dark winter.  Flowers, trees budding.  Birds singing, bees beginning to buzz.  It is almost a if all creation is telling us to do what it does.  Rest, be patient, for we too will come out of this present darkness and bloom.    “The light shines in the darkness and the darkness cannot overwhelm it”.   Stop, look, really see with heart and soul, bask in the marvel of the light of Spring.   We have time to really see each other, the wonder of the world about us, the real beauty of life.  Let us not waste it. 
One more point.  The blind man didn’t ask to be healed of his blindness.  It is almost as if the presence and love of Jesus couldn’t do anything else.  So too with us in the midst of this crisis.   Make no mistake.  Jesus. His love.  His presence.  His light is with us, too.  He is right now opening the eyes of our hearts and spirits so we too can see.  His love and presence are conquering our fear and anxiety.  His life is working the new life of spring in us as well.  His love is bringing us together in ways we have yet to see.  
“I once was blind, but now I see”
A Collect:
Almighty God, you know that we have no power in ourselves
to help ourselves: Keep us both outwardly in our bodies and
inwardly in our souls, that we may be defended from all
adversities which may happen to the body, and from all evil
thoughts which may assault and hurt the soul; through Jesus
Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy
Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
For Peace:
O God of peace, who hast taught us that in returning and
rest we shall be saved, in quietness and confidence shall be
our strength: By the might of thy Spirit lift us, we pray thee,
to thy presence, where we may be still and know that thou
art
 God; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
For Light:
Be our light in the darkness, O Lord, and in your great mercy
defend us from all perils and dangers; for the
love of your only Son, our Savior Jesus Christ. Amen.
A Thanksgiving:
Accept, O Lord, our thanks and praise for all that you have
done for us. We thank you for the splendor of the whole
creation, for the beauty of this world, for the wonder of life,
and for the mystery of love.
We thank you for the blessing of family and friends, and for
the loving care which surrounds us on every side.

We thank you for setting us at tasks which demand our best
efforts, and for leading us to accomplishments which satisfy
and delight us.

We thank you also for those disappointments and failures
that lead us to acknowledge our dependence on you alone.

Above all, we thank you for your Son Jesus Christ; for the
truth of his Word and the example of his life; for his steadfast
obedience, by which he overcame temptation; for his dying,
through which he overcame death; and for his rising to life
again, in which we are raised to the life of your kingdom.

Grant us the gift of your Spirit, that we may know him and
make him known; and through him, at all times and in all
places, may give thanks to you in all things. Amen.
“The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with us all evermore.”  AMEN


From GT Mar 20, 2020
Dear Friends, I hope and pray that all of you are well and staying in as much as possible.  How hard to practice taking care of each other by staying away from each other.  How grateful we must be for our electronics that are allowing us to keep in touch.  Please call ,text, email.  Keep close tabs on each other.  As always call text or email me with concerns. 
Secondly, a note on what we are doing.  I am usually in the Office in the mornings to check email and the phone messages and to keep an eye on the buildings.  How quiet it all is!! Beginning today I will ring our bells at noon.  The bells for many of us are a call to prayer and a symbol of hope and joy.    Please pray:  for all of us, for our world, for the sick, the lonely, for those now unemployed and for eyes to see the good and hope all around us.  It is there .  We will get through this.  In the meantime, I continue to be in contact with those in our community working to help as needed.  We have people who can run errands, put you in touch with resources, etc. 
Frank comes in often still working on recovering the lost hard drive and keeping up with our bills.  I am so grateful for his ongoing care.  As always,  our expenses continue and we are grateful to all of you who have sent and dropped off your offering and helped provide funds for those who may need them. 
Tomorrow I will be sending  lessons and prayers for Sunday morning and a homily for your use at home.  If you are interested in online services please now that our Bishop does Noonday Prayer each day at 12:05 PM .It is on Facebook Live at the Episcopal Diocese of West Virginia Page.  He will also be celebrating the Holy Eucharist at 9:30 AM on Sunday.  If you would prefer, you can also call in:  the number is 800-689-9374 and the login code is 520187.  The National Cathedral (cathedral.org) has a variety of services on line. 
I miss you.  Please stay well, be gentle and patient.  This too will pass. GT

Staff

  •     The Rev. Dr. George T. (GT) Schramm, Rector
  •     The Rev. Frank Coe, Priest Associate
  •     The Rev. Charlie Holder, Priest Associate
  •     Mrs. Jennifer Perrotte, Administrative Asst.
  •     Ms. Diane Johnston, Business Manager
  •     Mrs. Lora Hammersla, Organist
  •     Mr. David Bryant, Choir Director                   

TOWER

A note on the Corona Virus:

We hear much these days about Corona Virus. Some thoughts and suggestions.
It is pretty certain, given our proximity to the Washington area that we will soon be affected.
First, it is my hope that we will continue to love and care for each other and our community as we always do here at Trinity. We have begun to form a Care Team to respond to the needs of those sick and shut in as a result of the virus. If you are willing to serve, please let the Office know.
Secondly, if you are sick please stay home, but also let us know so that we can provide help if needed and at least keep you in prayer for a full recovery.
Third, we are in contact with our local authorities. We will follow their advice concerning assembly, etc. Any changes to our schedule will be on our website, the voicemail and sent to you by email.
Finally, a note about receiving communion and the peace. Please respect the needs of those who want space—some will not be comfortable shaking hands, etc. That is OK. If it is uncomfortable for you to receive wine at Communion, then don’t. The sacrament is perfectly valid received in one kind.
Finally, please do not lose sight of the fact that we will get through this. Our need to protect the most vulnerable among us is always with us, but the more extreme measures will one day be behind us. Let us do all we do in the coming days mindful of the presence of our Lord Jesus, His awesome love for us all, and with as much love, compassion, forbearance and kindness as we can. Please do not hesitate to be in touch with any concerns.
GT

March 5, 2020

DAYLIGHT SAVINGS begins on March 8th. Remember to Spring Forward by setting your clocks an hour ahead

LENTON DINNER SERIES: Five Thursday evenings beginning on March 5 th There is a sign-up sheet for soup/bread, salad or dessert in the Fellowship Hall. Please join us.

HIGHLAND EDUCATIONAL PROJECT announces its summer camp work week for teens. Geared for grades 6-12, dates are June 28-July 3. More information and registration forms can be found here: www.highlandeducationalproject.org

LENT MADNESS: a unique way of leaning about and participating in the season of Lent. A blend of competition (think NCAA basketball tournament) Lent Madness allows you to be inspired by the ways in which God has worked Visit: www.lentmadness.org

BOOK CLUB will meet on March 9th at 9:30am, at Trinity House.

GIVING STATEMENTS : there are still giving statements to be picked up at the back Podcasts: Please be sure to check for yours on Sunday.

ONLINE RESOURCES: Here are a few helpful sites for reflection and meditation: forwardmovement.org/podcasts of the church. “The Way of Love with Bishop Michael Curry” wayoflove.episcopalchurch.org the mail, please email us at trinitys@trinitys.comcastbiz.net . Thank you! Apps: “Pray as you Go” & “Reimagining the Examen” Daily Meditations from Fr. Richard Rohr: meditations@cac.org BOOK CLUB will meet on March 9th at 9:30am, at Trinity House. Morning and evening prayer : “Mission St. Clare” Please join us for coffee and conversation, newcomers always welcome!

THE LENTEN REFLECTIONS BOOKLET has arrived! Thank you to all who participated. Especially Paula Lelansky and Cathy Baldou

COFFEE HOUR : Please be sure to check the coffee hour sign-up sheet in the Fellowship Hall and choose a Sunday to host. No elaborate lunch is needed.

KERYGMA CLASS: These are the dates for the meeting of the Kerygma session: Mar. 8, Mar. 22, Apr. 19, Apr 26 and May 17. Time: 11:45 in the Parlor. see Charlie Holder with questions: c.holder@myactv.net

SCRIP CARDS: Don’t forget to pick up your Food Lion, Martins, Sheetz and Home Depot cards. Please visit us after church on Sunday to purchase grocery & gas cards.

VISIT TO CANTERBURY NURSING HOME : Wednesday, March 11 th at 10:30am. Please join us as we visit the residents and provide a short worship service.

ALTAR & ORGAN FLOWERS: There are lots of Sundays open for you to participate

POPCORN AND PICKLES! Treasure Kids preschool. They are selling popcorn and pickles. Sign up at trinitys@trinitys.comcastbiz.net or call and leave us a message. It comes in many popular flavors and some unique ones! Popcorn is $6 a bag and Pickles are $10 a quart. Please see Mary Lee Blue

ASSISTANTS –MARCH 8, 2020 / SECOND SUNDAY IN LENT

The 8:00 a.m. Chalice: Mike Jacobs 10 a.m. Chalice: John Strider Lesson and Psalm: Carol Mannel ( Genesis 12: 1-4/ Psalm 121 ) Epistle: Bob Singdahlsen (Romans 4:1-5, 13-17) Prayers : Elizabeth Cuthebert (Rite II, Form I) Tower Greeters: Melissa and Bill Chapman Coffee Hour: Jean and Mike Jacobs Acolytes: Jackson Thompson, Ashlee Study, McGuire Gleason, Scott Leonard, Max Romine, Nathan Rouse, Elizabeth Krogstad, Henry Frey, Morgan Lori Trinity Episcopal Church March Altar Guild: Jenny Hollis, Annette van Hilst, Jo Ann Knode, Janice Smith PO Box 308 Aileen Boyd, Jane Cook, Elaine Dorosh, Libby Sturm, Carolyn Banks, Margaret Coe Shepherdstown, WV 25443 (304) 876-6990 Nursery: Caitlin Degenfelder Backup Layreader for March: Dale Walter Email – trinityshep@citlink.net Web page – www.trinityshepherdstown.org ALTAR FLOWERS are given to the glory of God in honor of our 55 th Wedding Anniversary by Vicki and Harrison Lanham. ORGAN FLOWERS are given to the glory of God in memory of Marcello Chavez Staff (10/04/2011 – 02/24/2020) by Louise Stratton.

ASSISTANTS –MARCH 15, 2020 / SECOND SUNDAY IN LENT

8:00 a.m. Chalice: Tom Miller 10 a.m. Chalice: Bill Baker Psalm: Christel Devlin ( Exodus 17:1-7 / Psalm 95 ) Epistle: Hans Fogle (Romans 5:1-11) Prayers : Dale Walter (Rite I) March 5, 2020 Greeters: Paula Lelansky and Aileen Boyd Coffee Hour: Margaret Coe Acolytes: Jackson Thompson, Ashlee Study, McGuire Gleason, Scott Leonard, Max Romine, Nathan Rouse, Elizabeth Krogstad, Henry Frey, Morgan Lori March Altar Guild: Jenny Hollis, Annette van Hilst, Jo Ann Knode, Janice Smith Aileen Boyd, Jane Cook, Elaine Dorosh, Libby Sturm, Carolyn Banks, Margaret Coe Nursery: Caitlin Degenfelder Backup Layreader for March: Dale Walter ALTAR FLOWERS are given to the glory of God by Annette van Hilst. ORGAN FLOWERS are given to the glory of God by Tom Miller.